Forex trading is the largest market in the world, with nearly $2 trillion traded on a daily basis. There are many factors that can contribute to changes in the value of a currency. Some of these factors include terms of trade, sometimes referred to as the balance of trade, which is when there's an improvement in the terms of the trade thanks to the price of a country's exports being higher than the prices of its imports. Other facts include differences in inflation rates, which basically involve the value of the currency, and public debt, which typically occurs when foreign investors lose confidence in the economy and make fewer or no investments and leads to inflation and devaluation of the home country's currency.
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Retail or beginning traders often trade currency in micro lots, because one pip in a micro lot represents only a 10-cent move in the price. This makes losses easier to manage if a trade doesn't produce the intended results. In a mini lot, one pip equals $1 and that same one pip in a standard lot equals $10. Some currencies move as much as 100 pips or more in a single trading session making the potential losses to the small investor much more manageable by trading in micro or mini lots.
These articles, on the other hand, discuss currency trading as buying and selling currency on the foreign exchange (or "Forex") market with the intent to make money, often called "speculative forex trading". XE does not offer speculative forex trading, nor do we recommend any firms that offer this service. These articles are provided for general information only.
Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances. Forex trading involves risk. Losses can exceed deposits. We recommend that you seek independent advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading.